The third volume in this series returns to November 1942 to explain the background of the first major Anglo-American operation, Operation Torch, the invasion of French North Africa.
These were the fratricidal battles that followed the initial landings in Morocco and Algeria for several days.
It then examines the unsuccessful efforts to reach northern Tunisia before the Germans and Italians could get there to avoid the possibility of an attack from the west against the rearguard of the Afrika Corps forces and then begin their withdrawal from El Alamein.
The six months of hard fighting that followed as the Allies built up the strength of their joint air forces and gradually took control of the skies from the Axis are covered in detail.
Then, as of April 1, 1943, the continuing history of the Western Desert Air Force is told from the point where Volume 2 ended, as it advanced from the east to join the western units.
The arrivals ahead of the American pilots and crew, the P-38 Lightning, the Spitfire IX and the B-17 Flying Fortress and the dreaded Focke-Wulf FW 190 are now also described. Air activities over Tunisia became one of the turning points of World War II, however, this is often overlooked by historians.
As before, air-sea activities, reconnaissance flights and increasing offensives from day and night bombers are an important part of this volume.
The domination of the entire southern Mediterranean coast of Africa by the Allies paved the way for the invasions of European territories on the other side of this critical sea during 1943, which will be discussed in Volume 4.